SOCHI, May 17 (RIA Novosti) – Russia hopes that the Syrian authorities and the UN will agree on international inspections to look into the possible use of chemical weapons in the country’s civil war, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Friday.
“As far we know, the Syrian government… has expressed readiness – after that place near Aleppo is inspected – to consider requests for inspections in other parts [of the country] as well,” he said after a meeting with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
“We hope that agreements will be reached between the UN Secretariat and the Syrian government. We are doing all we can to facilitate that.”
Ban Ki-moon said the UN is urging Syria to allow experts into the country to investigate possible use of chemical weapons.
He also said he was not yet ready to set a timeframe for an international conference on Syria.
NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said last Monday the alliance has no information as to who could have used chemical weapons in Syria, and expressed regret that the Syrian authorities have not allowed UN inspectors into the country to look for evidence of their use.
A leading United Nations official on Syria said last weekend in an interview on a Swiss-Italian TV network that the UN commission investigating alleged human rights abuses in Syria has heard testimony that the rebels have used chemical weapons.
Elimination of Chemical Weapons in the World
“According to the testimonies that we have collected, the rebels have used chemical weapons, by using sarin gas,” Carla Del Ponte of the UN commission investigating reported human rights abuses in Syria told Radiotelevisione Svizzera.
Del Ponte said the accounts came from victims, doctors and field hospitals in neighboring countries, Reuters reported. She gave no further details about when or where sarin gas may have been used.
The government forces have accused the rebels of using toxic substances near Allepo on March 19, while the rebels accuse the Assad regime of using chemical weapons near Homs last December. According to defense publisher Jane’s, Syria held large stocks of chemical and biological weapons before the current conflict broke out including mustard gas, phosgene, and sarin and VX nerve agents.
Sarin is a highly toxic nerve agent, which was reportedly first used for military purposes during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. The most infamous sarin gas attack was carried out by the members of Aum Shinrikyo group on the Tokyo subway, killing 13 and injuring hundreds.
Last month, the White House said in a letter to lawmakers that intelligence gathered by the United States, with the help of opposition forces in Syria, shows the Syrian regime has used chemical weapons on a small scale, but this evidence was later questioned.
The two-year old civil war in Syria has killed at least 80,000 people according to figures from the United Nations (UN). The UN General Assembly on Wednesday approved a non-binding resolution that calls for an urgent end to the violence through political transition and condemns the Syrian government’s increased use of heavy weapons.
Russia condemned the resolution as unbalanced in favor of the rebels and said it was “irresponsible” to support it.
(Updated at 3:00 p.m. to correct last two paragraphs to say UN resolution called for end to violence, and did not support the rebel forces)