The Ukrainian crisis has led to nations aspiring to become NATO members pushing harder for admission. The alliance has however made it clear new memberships are not part of its agenda for the time being.
Four aspirants – the former Soviet republic of Georgia,
Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia – have been informed they aren’t joining
the club anytime soon.
“Each one has work to do, in different areas and we will give
aspirants the support they need to get them through the
door,” NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said,
following a NATO foreign ministers meeting in Brussels in late
Despite reassurances that the door of the alliance remains open,
Macedonia’s foreign minister described NATO’s putting off the
country’s membership as a “step backward” in a comment
made to The Associated Press.
Georgia was hoping to get a formal action plan for membership at
a NATO summit in Wales in early September. The alliance members
instead agreed “to develop a substantive package for Georgia
that will help it come closer to NATO.”
Georgian Foreign Minister Maya Pandzhikidze put a brave face on
the matter on Friday by praising the package.
“For the first time in history, Georgia will become a
participant of a strategic dialogue between NATO member states.
The package will be a real instrument for Georgia’s integration
into NATO,” Regnum news agency reported Pandzhikidze telling
The country closest to accession out of the four candidates is
Montenegro, which has promised by Rasmussen to have its
membership prospects assessed by the end of 2015.
The delay might give rise anti-Western feeling in the country,
according to Drasko Djuranovic, a political analyst.
“The majority of people who support Montenegro’s membership
in NATO will feel betrayed,” Djuranovic said.
NATO puts its expansion on hold at the time when the principal
opponent of the process, Russia, which does not want the alliance
close to its borders, has seen its relations with the bloc worsen
to almost Cold War levels.
“The artificial attempt to continue NATO’s eastward
expansion, progression of the military infrastructure to the
east, closer to Russia’s borders, is counterproductive,” Russian Foreign Minister
Sergey Lavrov said in June, reiterating Moscow’s concerns.
Rasmussen did not exactly say that NATO currently views Russia as
at the moment, but he put a similar idea in a milder, more
“We must adapt to the fact that Russia now considers us its
adversary,” he explained in mid-June, justifying NATO’s
plans for a package deal with Ukraine to ramp up its military.
Still, NATO is reluctant to immediately proceed with granting new
memberships that would irritate Moscow.
“The conflict over Ukraine has made it clear to them at NATO
they have to be careful, both about security commitments and
credibility,” Liana Fix, an associate fellow at the German
Council on Foreign Relations, told AP. “If you give Georgia
their membership action plan but don’t defend them if something
happens, what does it say about your credibility?”
Earlier, the head of the Russian presidential administration,
Sergey Ivanov, dismissed attempts to justify NATO expansion by
referring to the possibility of Russian aggression against its
neighbors as “not politics, but intrigues.”
“Any statements about the need to strengthen the eastern
borders of the NATO bloc inevitably creates problems for
Russia-NATO relations, which is especially sad, given that these
relations have not been bad in recent years,” Ivanov said.