Kremlin Given Tip on Bin Laden’s Death
Published: May 4, 2011 (Issue # 1654)
This image made from video broadcast on Oct. 7, 2001, shows Osama bin Laden at an undisclosed location.
MOSCOW — Vladimir Putin was the first international leader to call George W. Bush after the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001.
Now President Barack Obama has returned the favor, notifying the Kremlin that U.S. forces killed 9/11 mastermind Osama bin Laden before making the public announcement.
“We appreciate it that the Russian authorities were sufficiently informed before the official statement by U.S. President Barack Obama,” the Foreign Ministry said Monday in a brief statement.
The ministry did not elaborate on the U.S. tip-off, and the Kremlin made no comment about it in a separate statement, where it pledged to expand cooperation with the United States in the fight against terrorism.
Russian officials have made numerous claims about al-Qaida’s involvement in the insurgency in the North Caucasus, and the man tipped as bin Laden’s likely successor even spent several months in a Dagestani prison in the 1990s. But, security experts said Monday, the link between al-Qaida and the North Caucasus is largely symbolic, and bin Laden’s death will have little impact on the Russian insurgency.
Obama announced just before midnight Sunday in Washington that bin Laden had been killed by U.S. forces in a special operation outside the Pakistani city of Islamabad. The manhunt had lasted for nearly a decade after bin Laden claimed responsibility for the 9/11 attacks. Despite the late hour, thousands of people converged on the White House and took to the streets in major U.S. cities to celebrate the news.
“The Kremlin welcomes the serious success achieved by the United States in the fight against international terrorism,” the Kremlin said. “Russia … regretfully knows what al-Qaida is from experience.”
The Kremlin statement said that only unified efforts could fight global terrorism successfully and pledged to expand cooperation toward that end — a promise similar to one made by then-President Putin when he called then-President Bush shortly after the 9/11 attacks. The phone call marked a turning point in U.S.-Russian relations at the time.
In its statement Monday, the Foreign Ministry likened bin Laden to slain Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev and the U.S. anti-terrorism operations in Pakistan to Russian security services’ own operations in the North Caucasus, where, it said, a hunt continues for al-Qaida emissaries.
Konstantin Kosachyov, chairman of the State Duma’s International Affairs Committee, said Monday that bin Laden had been involved in attacks on Russian soil. “We have grounds to believe that Osama bin Laden was involved in several terrorist attacks that took place in our country,” the senior United Russia lawmaker said, without elaborating, in a statement published on United Russia’s web site.
Kosachyov also warned that bin Laden’s death might spur a series of retaliation attacks by international terrorists.
Moscow police boosted security around the U.S. Embassy on Monday.
North Caucasus insurgents have several times attacked public venues in Moscow, but they’ve never specifically targeted U.S. or other foreign buildings here. Only one U.S. citizen has died at the hands of Chechen rebels — during the 2002 Nord-Ost hostage siege in a Moscow theater.
Interestingly, it was after the Nord-Ost drama that bin Laden for the first and only time spoke of North Caucasus rebels in one of his many public addresses, describing them as victims of Russian aggression and a group in need of assistance.
The first known links between bin Laden and the North Caucasus conflict date back to 1995, when bin Laden offered $1,500 toward a Kalashnikov assault rifle and travel expenses for each volunteer ready to fight in Chechnya, a Sudanese defector from al-Qaida told a U.S. court in 2001.
Curiously, bin Laden was often filmed and photographed with a Kalashnikov in his hands or within reach. He claimed that the Kalashnikov belonged to a Russian soldier that he had killed while fighting the Soviet army in Afghanistan in the 1980s.
In late 1996, al-Qaida’s No. 2 and the most probable successor of bin Laden, Egyptian Ayman al Zawahiri, traveled to the North Caucasus in search of a new home for the terrorist organization after it was expelled from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. He was arrested in Dagestan for illegally crossing the border and spent several months in a local prison before being expelled. After that, al-Qaida made Afghanistan its base of operations.
Following the 9/11 attacks, several reports surfaced that two of the plane hijackers had fought in Chechnya and a third had told friends prior to the attacks that he was going to train in an al-Qaida camp in Chechnya or Afghanistan.
Several al-Qaida operatives arrested over the past decade, including suspects nabbed in London in 2003 for trying to produce the powerful poison ricin in their apartment, either fought or trained in Chechnya or Georgia’s Pankisi Gorge, which is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Chechens.
Any foreign insurgent killed by the police or security services in the North Caucasus — including most recently on April 21 in Chechnya — is automatically labeled as an al-Qaida representative by Russian officials.
Still, not a single Chechen has ever been arrested outside Russia for involvement in al-Qaida. The few Russian citizens arrested by coalition forces in Afghanistan and then jailed in the Guantanamo prison comprised natives of Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and Kabardino-Balkaria. All were later sent back to Russia, where they were released.