Russia Attempts to Turn Tables On Human Rights
Published: May 16, 2012 (Issue # 1708)
MOSCOW — Attempting to deflect criticism against crackdowns on political protests at home, Russian officials shot back at Western critics Monday, lambasting racism and xenophobia in Europe.
Foreign Ministry and Duma officials joined others in urging European Union representatives present at a round-table discussion not to use Russia’s human rights record as a political tool.
“The West doesn’t tolerate criticism of its own human rights violations,” said Vasily Nebenzya, head of the Foreign Ministry’s department for humanitarian cooperation and human rights.
“Human rights have become a weapon,” he said, adding that Russia would treat its critics “with mistrust when they try to teach us [to observe] human rights … as long as our concern [about human rights violations in Europe] is ignored.”
Vladimir Chizhov, Russia’s permanent representative to the European Union, suggested that the EU was guilty of hypocrisy for having not yet joined the 1953 Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which Russia partially ratified in 1998.
He also noted that “at a time of economic crisis more attention should be paid to social and economic rights,” rather than to freedom of assembly. Western critics have been quick to fault Russia’s hostility to opposition protests.
Chizhov said Europe had many of its own problems, the most common being a rise in nationalism and xenophobia.
Konstantin Dolgov, the Foreign Ministry’s ombudsman for human rights, specifically accused Latvia and Estonia of harassing Russian-speaking minorities, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands and Poland of discriminating against immigrants and the United States of creating secret prisons where suspected terrorists were allegedly tortured.
He said Europe and Russia had to have “equal rights” in their dialogue on human rights, a point repeated by many on the panel.
Andrei Klimov, first deputy head of the Duma’s international affairs committee, said the round-table participants would recommend that members of delegations in the European Parliament “more actively concentrate [their] attention on [Europe’s] own human rights record.”
Fernando Valenzuela, head of the European Union’s delegation to Russia, admitted Europe had some work to do.
“We do not claim that everything is perfect,” he said. “Our own institutions are weak to detect shortcomings.”
Valenzuela said the European Union was “committed to combat all forms of racism and xenophobia.”
But he decried the 15-day prison terms given to opposition protesters, the pretrial detention of the punk band Pussy Riot, the killings of journalists, the death in jail of Hermitage Capital lawyer Sergei Magnitsky and imprisonment of Yukos founder Mikhail Khodorkovsky.
Valenzuela told The St. Petersburg Times after the round table that a number of points raised such as racism and xenophobia in the EU states were “important,” but that some statements didn’t “correspond to reality,” such as accusations of discrimination against Russian speakers in the Baltics.
Valenzuela said some issues were “matters for discussion, but not human rights violations.”